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Agrimarketing : Crop Life America
26 AgriMarketing CropLife America Supplement SALUTE TO CROPLIFE AMERICA! 1924 Several agricultural chemical manufacturers organized the Agricultural Insecticides and Fungicides Manufacturers Association (AIFMA). The organization's objective was to develop markets for agricultural insecticides and fungicides in the interest of the industry and the public welfare, and to adhere to sound business principles and ethics. 1930 AIFMA came to a standstill. 1932 AIFMA merges with what is now known as the American Chemistry Council. With this merger came the formation of a new committee, known as the Insecticide Committee. Lea Hitchner was elected Chairman. 1933 The Insecticide Committee formed the basis for a new association. 1934 The new association was incorporated under the name, Agricultural Insecticide and Fungicide Association (AIF) and Lea Hitchner was elected as its first President. There were 14 member companies the first year. 1942 AIF's Publicity Committee distributed the first "AIF News" to all agri- cultural interests. The first edition headlined "READ THE LABEL," an advisory that has been stressed ever since. 1947 The Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) was passed to update the original legislation on pesticides --- The Insecticide Act of 1910. This new Act broadened the scope of the U. S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) to regulate pesticides distributed in interstate commerce. FIFRA also required, for the first time, that pesticides be registered with USDA, and established more stringent and detailed labeling requirements. Post WWII years may best be known when DDT came of age. Agricultural pest control had not only synthetic organic insecticides in the chlori- nated hydrocarbon groups, but also synthetic organic herbicides, fungi- cides and rodenticides, these having been developed during 1938-1944. Organic phosphate insecticides were not far behind, being introduced in 1947. The systemic insecticides fol- lowed in 1950. 1949 The association moved its headquarters to Washington, D. C., and changed its name to the National Agricultural Chemicals Association (NACA). Membership was extended to formulators, remixers and suppliers of diluents, clays and surfactants. 1950 Public scrutiny broadened with the introduction of the many new chemicals. The industry recognized that it had a major public relations problem and began an extended cooperative effort with the government. 1954 The establishment of residue tolerance proved to be so cumbersome, that in 1954, NACA sponsored the Miller Amendment for the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act of 1938. This Act strengthened the scientific basis for such regulation. It provided that the National Academy of Sciences- National Research Council have the responsibility for assessing the safety of pesticides and making appropriate recommendations to the Secy of Agriculture. 1959 The "Thanksgiving Cranberry Scare." A warning was issued that cranberries on the market were a hazard since an unknown quantity had been treated with a cancer-causing agent (aminotriazole). Cranberry sales collapsed and public confidence was shaken both domestically and abroad. NACA championed a study by independent scientists who found that the level of residues on the cranberries was well below the level to cause any significant risk to the consumer. The government paid more than $8.5 million in damages to growers. 1962 Lea Hitchner resigned and Parke Brinkley became the second Pres. Rachel Carson's "Silent Spring" was published, with anti-pesticide implications. 1963 Legislation was introduced to amend FIFRA to require federal registration numbers on all pesticide labels. 1966 The report "Pesticide and Public Policy" was issued and concluded that there was no significant human health hazard when the great benefits of disease control and food production were weighed against the known hazards. 1967 NACA and eight European national agricultural chemical associations formed the International Group of National Associations of Agrochemical Manufacturers (GIFAP), headquartered in Brussels, Belgium. 1970 The Pesticide Safety Team Network (PSTN) became operational, providing for safety teams throughout the U. S. to help in chemical emergencies. During this period, the board authorized the beginning of an aggressive public relations program. The Environmental Protection Agency was created in the wake of elevated concern about environmental pollution and was given responsibility for pesticide regulatory oversight. 1975 FIFRA was amended once again after NACA testified that the EPA had failed to properly implement FIFRA amendments. 1976 Parke Brinkley retired and Jack Early was elected as NACA's third Pres. CLA: 75 YEARS OF SERVICE
January February 2008